Erode venkatappa ramasamy 17 september 1879 24 december 1973 commonly known as periyar also referred to as thanthai periyar was an indian social activist and politician who started the self respect movement and dravidar kazhagamhe is known as the father of modern tamilnaduhe has done exemplary works against brahminical dominance caste prevalence and women oppression in tamilnadu. Periyar propagated the principles of rationalism self respect womens rights and eradication of caste he opposed the exploitation and marginalisation of the non brahmin indigenous dravidian peoples of south india and the imposition of what he considered indo aryan india. Periyars philosophy did not differentiate social and political service according to him the first duty of a government is to run the social organization efficiently and that the philosophy of religion was to organize the social system. How did atheist periyar e v ramasamys politics succeed in a state full of theists is ev ramasamy aka periyar a tamil dalit based on his contributions to the dalits of the south ev ramasamy to gain the popularity used the caste as a tool the followers ie the kazagams are the real evidence to the fact even today they are . The religious views of periyar e v ramasamy resulted in him being considered the voltaire of south india both opposed religion virulently because in their views the so called men of religion invented myths and superstitions to keep the innocent and ignorant people in darkness and to go on exploiting them
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